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MAXIM - Two hundred years ago, Rhode Island was considered the vampire capital of America. There were real reasons for this superstition. And many victims.

In the modern mind, vampires are generally cool guys. "Interview with a Vampire", "From Dusk Till Dawn", "Only Lovers Will Survive" - all this, one might say, is a hymn to vampirism!

However, two hundred years ago, people did not think so at all. Vampires or ghouls were considered vile monsters. We found the story of how the legend of the bloodsuckers rising from the graves appeared in the human mind, and it is quite creepy.

It was at the end of the 18th century in the small state of Rhode Island in the northern United States. It was one of the earliest and most populous colonies in America. Mostly Englishmen lived there (it was not for nothing that the region was called New England).

In 1786, the authorities began to record many very strange deaths in this region. For six months, people lost terribly weight, as if some otherworldly forces were sucking the life out of them. The eyes of such patients became huge and strangely shone. The skin turned gray like ash. They coughed violently and gasped. Sometimes they seemed to be on the mend ... then weakened again and eventually died. The disease affected entire families, then spread to neighbors, although in some cases people remained as if untouchable.

From the height of today's medical knowledge, we understand that the people of Rhode Island were experiencing an epidemic of tuberculosis at that time. However, for them it was all very strange, eerie and inexplicable. Naturally, people tried to escape somehow. The doctors could not offer anything worthwhile, and then the desperate colonists turned to the priests.

Prayer is great, of course, but clearly not enough. The people were waiting for some radical measures. Demand causes supply, and soon very authoritative spiritual leaders appeared in that area, who found a terrible and radical remedy for adversity.

They accused ... ghouls of "sucking the vitality out of people". A theory was born, according to which for some reason unknown hungry spirits flocked to Rhode Island from all over America and began to infiltrate human bodies.

The first person to die of tuberculosis in the village was considered a "guide" for the hungry vampire spirit. And then, when this sacrifice was buried, the spirit was already working through his body from the grave. The deceased relative at night got out of the crypt, came back to the house and sucked blood and life from his former household. So Rhode Island was declared the vampire capital of the United States.

What could be done about it? Naturally, something creepy and radical. Vampires were offered to dig out of their graves and burn their black, possessed heart. So in Rhode Island, a terrible corpse hunt began. The graves of those killed by tuberculosis were opened and the dead were carefully examined. If the body seemed not sufficiently decomposed (and in winter this happened all the time), the deceased was recorded as a vampire.

Further in some villages, the legs were separated from the body so that the vampire could not walk, somewhere they burned the heart, and somewhere they cut off the head. In the midst of the panic, everyone did this at public ceremonies attended by the entire village. People in those days even loved such extreme spectacles (we wrote about this in the article "7 wild entertainments of our ancestors".

As you know, the epidemic went on as usual, but the people somehow calmed down - after all, some measures were taken. This horror continued for about a hundred years, until Koch discovered the tubercle bacillus. The disease got an explanation, and people stopped being afraid of it.

Notes about the sinister rituals in the cemeteries of the "vampire capital of the United States" made it into local newspapers, and then were retold by journalists around the world. They say one such note was found in the papers of the Irish writer Bram Stoker, the author of the famous novel "Dracula". So this episode from American history can really be considered the basis for the emergence of the vampire legend in the mass consciousness.

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MAXIM - Judging by the memoirs of the actress, she was convinced to act without underwear by deception.

The scene during interrogation in the thriller "Basic Instinct", when Katherine Trammel, the heroine of Sharon Stone, demonstrates the absence of the presence of underwear on herself, firmly entered the top of the most indelible movie episodes from male memory. The actress has published a new book of memoirs - "The Beauty of Living Twice", where, in particular, she tells how it was filmed.

Vanity Fair published an excerpt from the book. Basic Instinct, Stone recalls, was her eighteenth film. By that time, she had been filming for a long time and tediously in all kinds of slag, and she was 32 years old - the age by which she is supposed to achieve something. So for Sharon, Verhoeven's thriller was the last chance to jump on the last train of a big movie.

It was not possible to get the script with good, as a result, the artist's manager got it dishonestly. Stone read it and decided: "She must be mine, this role!" To get screen tests, the manager called Verhoeven every day for 7-8 months. Only after 12 actresses, who were offered to play Catherine Tramell, refused, the audition took place.

For Stone, this role turned out to be the takeoff and the most difficult in her career: she had to bring out her dark side in full growth. "It was terrible. During filming, I walked three times in a dream, twice woke up fully dressed in a car in the garage. I had terrible nightmares, ”she recalls.

The very scene, about which the fuss, she saw after the shooting was finished. She was not invited to watch a tete-a-tete with the director, as one might expect, given the circumstances - agents and lawyers were packed into the hall, most of whom had nothing to do with the film.

“So I saw the filming of my intimate place long after I was told: 'We can't see anything, we just need you to take off your panties, because the white reflects the light, we know that you are wearing them.' writes in the book by Sharon Stone.

The actress approached director Paul Verhoeven and slapped him in the face. Then I called my lawyer Marty Singer. He assured that the film would not be allowed in this form and that he could obtain an injunction. Sharon had to make a decision.

“I knew what movie I was shooting. For heaven's sake, I fought for this role, and all this time only this director stood up for me. I needed to find a way to be objective. I thought, thought - and decided to allow this scene. Why? Because it was right for both the film and the character, and because, in the end, I did it, ”explains the actress.

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MAXIM - Avoiding a single miss on the first date is like winning Minesweeper!. The publication iWhiteInstant surveyed 2,187 women, and they told what qualities and actions of men on the first date permanently transfer them to the ignore list.

Pickup technicians pass number one. 77% of the respondents said that if their new acquaintance on the first date tries to do some pick-up things with them, then the second meeting is clearly not in sight for him. So you have to forget about all these phrases like “Are your parents astronomers by any chance? Then where did they get such a star? "

In second place on the list of repulsive masculine qualities is narcissism. 65% of women are not ready to build a relationship with a narcissist. You almost went to Harvard, do you know how to bench press or drank kombucha before it became mainstream? Set aside captivating stories until you get to know each other better.

In third place is bad breath. He was named by 64% of respondents. So the garlic croutons will have to be put aside until after the date. In that case, of course, if it does not end at your new girlfriend's house.

Also, 64% complained that modern men spend too much time on dates on their smartphones. Of course, sometimes it's tempting to check social networks when the story of your new acquaintance, even if very attractive, about how she went to the camp in Anapa in the seventh grade, drags on. But do not give in to temptation - and you will be rewarded!

In last place is the lack of hygiene. 52% of women said they would not agree to a second date with a man who came on a date with a dirty head or smell of sweat. It’s even strange to hear this in the 21st century. Maybe these study participants were last on a date in the 1960s?

They were not included in the list, but were also named "talking about politics", "irritability", "lack of a sense of humor."

So, as you can see, it's not that hard not to screw up on the first date. No more difficult than playing the Minesweeper game.

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MAXIM - If “healthy lifestyle” and “balanced nutrition” is not an empty phrase for you (more precisely, not 41 empty words), then products containing protein should also interest you.

The optimal ratio of micronutrients in the diet is 40% carbohydrates, 30% fats and 30% proteins. Carbohydrates are a separate topic of conversation: they can be fast and slow. And for some reason women are afraid of them.

And today we will talk about a burning topic: what foods contain a lot of protein and how much you need to eat per day.

You've probably asked yourself at least once (especially if you didn’t do well in school in science): what is protein for, what is protein, and is it okay to talk to yourself? Protein is a substance responsible for building processes in the body, metabolism. It helps the body absorb vitamins and minerals. By eating foods that contain protein, we get the daily requirement of amino acids, which are responsible for cell regeneration, muscle mass, appearance, strength of nails, hair and facial skin. Moreover, it is important to remember that about half of the amino acids are not synthesized in the body. Therefore, they must come from food.

If foods containing proteins do not enter the body in the required quantities, it begins to compensate for the deficiency from its own resources. And the muscle tissue is the first to be hit. In especially advanced cases, anemia (anemia) may develop, immunity and emotional tone may decrease.

What foods contain protein?

Protein is found in both animal and plant foods, which is the reason for endless holivars between vegetarians and ordinary people.

For example, lentils and beans boast high levels of protein, the same as beef or pork, but are much less digestible. In general, the championship in this competition is confidently held by dairy products and eggs. Protein from them is absorbed by the body by 100%. However, egg yolks have a fairly high cholesterol content, so you shouldn't eat more than 1-2 eggs a day.

The second place among products containing protein belongs to poultry and mammals. 100 g of fillet contains 28-30 g of pure protein. Then there are fish and soybeans, followed by legumes and nuts (beans, peas, lentils, soybeans, hazelnuts, peanuts, cashews, almonds, pine nuts, pumpkin, sunflower and hemp seeds).

Foods that contain a lot of protein include cereals. For example, buckwheat is the queen in terms of protein content. True, they are digested much worse than if you ate a huge steak. Still, there is the highest justice in the world!

Among vegetables, the most protein is found in asparagus, cucumbers, zucchini, zucchini, potatoes, Brussels sprouts, figs, avocados, etc.

Protein content table in food

  • Poultry - from 17 to 22 g (per 100 g of product)
  • Meat - 15 to 20 g
  • Fish - 14 to 20 g
  • Seafood - 15 to 18 g
  • Eggs - 12 g
  • Hard cheese - from 25 to 27 g
  • Cottage cheese - from 14 to 18 g
  • Legumes - 20 to 25 g
  • Cereals - from 8 to 12 g
  • Nuts - 15 to 30 g

It is also important to know that proteins are “fast” and “slow”. "Slow" ones are absorbed by the body longer, but it is they that allow you to achieve the desired results both in weight loss and in building muscle mass. Of course, you cannot gain huge muscle mass only on products containing such proteins, but you cannot do without them as an auxiliary product. First of all, the list of products containing protein (we mean "slow") includes cottage cheese.

Why do you need protein?

Protein is the foundation for building the body. Proteins are made up of muscles, tissues, internal organs, blood cells, immune bodies, as well as hair, nails, and skin cells and proteins.

What foods are high in protein?

A table of protein content in various foods can be seen in our article.

What kinds of proteins are there?

Proteins are categorized as “fast” and “slow”.

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MAXIM - Always and everywhere the authorities tried to isolate the rebels and troublemakers who wanted to overthrow it.

At all times, the authorities have never considered it shameful to somehow infringe on dissidents: to put them in jail, send them to hard labor, or put them in a psychiatric hospital, where citizens who were too zealous for power were made calm and pacified catatonic people. It is worth scratching any medieval European monarch with a fingernail, as he will have a dozen younger brothers, cousins ​​and uncles (as well as their henchmen), safely hidden in the dungeons of castles.

In the Russian Empire, there was an official status of a political prisoner. (In modern Russia there is no such status, but, as we have heard from human rights defenders who have not yet had time to be recognized as foreign agents, in fact, there are still such.)

Needless to say, both international and domestic law of many states considered persecution for religious and political reasons normal until the end of World War II. Only after its end and the advent of the era of humanism (as they thought then), the persecution for political, religious and social views in a decent society began to be considered bad manners. In practice, however, everything was quite different.

The five most famous political prisoners of recent times: why they were imprisoned and what happened to them.

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela

South African politician, President of South Africa

In 1943 he joined the African National Congress (ANC) party. After receiving a law degree in 1952, Nelson began an active campaign against apartheid, which is why a year later he was banned from the South African government from speaking at public events. In 1956, he and 156 other party members were accused of high treason, but four years later they were acquitted.

After the shooting of a demonstration in Sharpeville in 1960, when 67 Africans were killed during the riots, the government banned the ANC. Nelson went underground. The party leaders soon turned to armed methods of fighting against apartheid. An ANC military wing was formed, led by Mandela.

Mandela was arrested in 1962 and sentenced to five years in prison. In 1964, the sentence was increased to life for preparing a coup d'etat.

For most of his sentence, 18 of 27 years, he served in solitary confinement in a prison on Robben Island, near the Cape of Good Hope. Conditions of stay were harsh: forced labor in a limestone quarry, meager food, the right to one visit and one letter every six months.

In 1990, the government released Nelson. And already in 1994 he was elected the first democratic president of South Africa.

Mahatma Gandhi

Indian politician and public figure, one of the founders of the movement for the independence of India from Great Britain.

Mahatma Gandhi

For his political activities and participation in the resistance, Gandhi went to prison many times.

He was first imprisoned in 1907 in South Africa, where he fought for the rights of Indians, organizing peaceful demonstrations and civil disobedience "satyagraha". It was for them that he was subsequently often arrested.

Returning to his homeland in 1915, he also got imprisoned several times for participating in actions in the struggle for Indian independence. In 1922, he was tried for the last time for inciting mutiny. Gandhi pleaded guilty to all charges and was sentenced to six years in prison. But after two years he was released.

Largely thanks to him, India became free in 1947.

Liu Xiaobo

Chinese human rights activist, educator and writer

Liu Xiaobo

Liu Xiaobo was first arrested in 1989 during the protests in Tiananmen Square, where he urged students to leave the square peacefully. He was convicted of supporting students and released only in January 1991.

In May 1995, he was again arrested for criticizing the authorities for six months. But in 1996 he was again arrested for three years. In 2008, after Liu Xiaobo signed Charter 08 demanding democratic reform, he was arrested and sentenced in December 2009 to 11 years in prison for incitement to undermine the government.

In 2010 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China. But the Chinese authorities did not inform him of this. And even when Liu Xiaobo found out about this, the award was never given to him.

In July 2017, he was released early due to liver cancer. The Chinese government refused to release him abroad for treatment. Liu Xiaobo died on July 13, 2017.

Vaclav Havel

Czech writer, playwright, last president of Czechoslovakia, first president of the Czech Republic

Vaclav Havel

In 1968, he actively opposed the invasion of Soviet troops into Czechoslovakia. After that, he was forced to resign from the theater, the publication of his books and the production of works were prohibited.

From 1977 to 1989, he was tried three times. The first time was in 1977, when he signed Charter 77, which required compliance with the Final Act of the Helsinki Conference. In the same year he was sentenced to 14 months in prison. The last time was in January 1989 for laying a wreath at the place of self-immolation of a Prague student in 1968. In total, Vaclav was imprisoned for about five years.

After his release, he took part in the Velvet Revolution. In 1989 he became president of Czechoslovakia. And from 1993 to 2003 he was twice elected president of the Czech Republic.

Ho Chi Minh

Vietnamese revolutionary, founder of the Communist Party of Vietnam, first President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and creator of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as Viet Cong)

Ho Chi Minh

In the 1940s, Ho Chi Minh visited China to meet with Chinese revolutionaries, but was captured by the Kuomintang authorities who accused him of espionage. This was followed by a year and a half in prison.

During this time, Ho Chi Minh wrote the book "The Prison Diary". It includes melancholic and stoic poems calling for revolution.

After imprisonment, he continued to liberate Vietnam from the French and created a state in the north of the country.